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Screw cap

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A screw cap or closure is a common type of closure for bottles, jars, and tubes.

Common screw closures (from left to right): Plastic bottle with plastic screw cap, Dispensing closure for salad dressing (with inner seal), Break-away closure for syrup, Dispensing pump closure, Dispensing closure (with inner seal), Spray pump, Metal closure on glass jar, Child resistant closure, Cap on toothpaste, Measuring cap
A "sports cap", which appears on many water bottles, seen in closed configuration at left and in open configuration at right, allowing the water to pass around the central blue piece.


The first screw-on lid was patented in 1858 by John Landis Mason for a jar that became known as the Mason jar.[1]


plastic screw cap with break-away tamper-evident band

A screw closure is a mechanical device which is screwed on and off of a "finish" on a container. [2] Either continuous threads or lugs are used. It must be engineered to be cost-effective, to provide an effective seal (and barrier), to be compatible with the contents, to be easily opened by the consumer, often to be reclosable, and to comply with product, package, and environmental laws and regulations. Manufacturers may ensure the integrity of a screw cap using a cap torque tester. Some closures need to be tamper resistant and have child-resistant packaging features. A tamper-evident band is a common tamper warning for screw caps of bottles, for example.

Wine industry[edit]

Screw caps' use as an alternative to cork for sealing wine bottles is gaining increasing support. A screw cap is a metal cap that screws onto threads on the neck of a bottle, generally with a metal skirt down the neck to resemble the traditional wine capsule ("foil"). A layer of plastic (often PVDC), cork, rubber, or other soft material is used as wad to make a seal with the mouth of the bottle.

Sake industry[edit]

Sake bottles are almost universally closed with screw caps (some are packed in barrels, or novelty bottles).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bell, Emily (2016-07-21). "Who Invented The Screwcap?". VinePair. Retrieved 2024-04-28.
  2. ^ Nairn, J F (2010), "Closures, Bottles and Jars", in Yam, K L (ed.), Encyclopedia of Packaging Technology, Wiley, pp. 269–284, ISBN 978-0-470-08704-6

External links[edit]

  • [1] New Zealand Screw Cap Initiative
  • [2]Closure and Container Manufacturers Association(CCMA), international society of beverage technologists,